C-indicators Advisor Tool

The Circularity Potential Indicator (CPI) Tool (beta version)

The CPI aims at evaluating the circularity potential of industrial products during: (re-)design, development or benchmarking phases.

The CPI provides practical keys for improving and monitoring the circularity performance of products and associated business practices.

The CPI is computed through a guided questionnaire of twenty attributes (ATT#) impacting the circular economy (CE) performance of a product.

The twenty attributes are based on a literature review and grouped in the four building blocks (BB#) of the CE defined by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation.


Circularity Performance Indicator

Unlock the Circularity Potential of your Product

Circularity Score

of the Product =

(out of 100)

BB#1 - Circular Product Design (sub-score / 25)

ATT#1 - Materials selection and combination compatibility (sub-score / 5)

Number of differents materials

Technical recyclability of materials combinaison

Material contamination (coating, paints, and material mixing)

ATT#2 - Modular product design, adaptability and flexibility

Is the product contained standardised components

Has the product being design with a modular mindset

ATT#3 - Design for disassembly and easy end-of-life sorting

Handling and manoeuvrability of the product (for a single user)

Number of different distinct components (regarding the size of the product)

Joints and connections numbers (regarding the size and number of components)

Joints and connections types

Joints and connections accessibility

Disassembly cost and time (regarding value of the product)

Tools required for disassembly

ATT#4 - Design for upgradability

Possible options of upgradability

ATT#5 - Design for maintainability and longevity

Wear and tear indicator or information

Possibility of maintenance and repair

Accessibility, visibility, reachability and identifiability of key components

BB#2 - New Business Model

ATT#6 - Design for PSS & Product-as-a-Service

Is the manufacturer currently retain ownership of the product

ATT#7 - Leasing or rental schemes

Leasing or rental offers for the product

ATT#8 - Aftersales services - Customized services related to the product

Number of services (among diagnosis, preventive maintenance, repair service, warranty)

ATT#9 - Take-back offers

Take-back schemes

ATT#10 - Partnership networks, Sharing platform or Industrial Symbiosis

Is there any other forms of collaboration between manufacturers, retailers, customers

BB#3 - Reverse Cycles

ATT#11 - Traceability of products and components all along lifecycle

Is the product included any form of connectivity allowing tracking or traceability

Is there any information-sharing system or database between stakeholders all along value chain

ATT#12 - Efficiency and cost of take-back processes

Organisation of the take-back process

Profitability (cost to return product to facilities compared to product value)

ATT#13 - Collection infrastructures and mechanisms

Collection infrastructures (sorting and other mechanisms)

ATT#14 - Treatment facilities (remanufacturing and recycling) features

Treatment facilities taking up end-of-life operations

Remanufacturing or recycling costs (compared to original components, primary materials value)

Facilities capacity regarding amount of products

Technical documentation for end-of-life handling (e.g. dismantling instructions) available

ATT#15 - Collaboration between actors involved in EoL value chain

Is there any consortium, mutual or shared interest among actors to a closed-loop supply chain

BB#4 - Favourable System Conditions

ATT#16 - Product conditions at the end-of-life (resudual value)

Value degradation of material for recycling

Physical deterioration of component for reuse or remanufacturing

Quality and reliability of recycled materials or remanufactured products

ATT#17 - Stakeholders' willingness, behaviours and motivations

Rethinking incentives and pro-active attitude from companies to enhance the circular economy

Users’ awareness of environmental issues, sustainability and circularity

Users’ emotional links to the product

Communication to users on possibilities of reuse, recycle or dispose properly their products

ATT#18 - Policy framework

Waste legislation concerning the product

Mandatory percentage of reuse or recycling imposed

Is the product concerned by EPR (Extended Producer Responsability)

Mandatory ecodesign standard for reuse and repair

ATT#19 - Second-hand market characteristics

Presence of second-hand market for the product

Market demand for remanufacturing products

Markets for secondary raw materials of the product

Availability of spare parts of the product

ATT#20 - Financial incentives and mechanisms supporting CE approaches

Is there any financial support, by government or environmental agencies, to foster CE incentives for the product